How To Pray Salah – Learn In 10 Easy Steps

Salah, or Salat, is the ritual prayer in Islam and is one of the Five Pillars of Islam. It is a way for Muslims to connect with Allah and is performed five times a day. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to pray Salah:

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Namaz Ka Tarika

How To Pray Salah

Praying Salah, also known as Salat or Namaz, is a fundamental act of worship in Islam. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to perform the Salah:

1. Niyyah

  • Begin by making a sincere intention in your heart to perform the specific prayer. This is an internal commitment to worship and is not vocalized.

2. Takbir al-Ihram

  • Raise your hands up to your ears and say “Allahu Akbar” which means Allah is the Greatest. This marks the beginning of the prayer.

3. Qiyam

  • Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart, arms resting at your sides, and focus on the intention of your prayer.

4. Recitation of Surah Al-Fatiha

  • Begin the prayer by reciting Surah Al-Fatiha, the opening chapter of the Quran. It is recited in every unit (Rak’ah) of the prayer.
  • Bismillaahir ar-Rahmani ar-Raheem
  • Al hamdu lillaahi rabbil ‘alameen
  • Ar-Rahmani ar-Raheem
  • Maaliki yawmid deen
  • Iyyaaka na’aboodu wa iyyaaka nasta’een
  • Ihdeenas siraatal mustaqeem
  • Siraatal ladheena an ‘amta’ alayhim
  • Ghayril maghduubi’ alayhim waladawleen

5. Recitation of Additional Verses

  • After reciting Surah Al-Fatiha, you can recite additional verses from the Quran in each unit of the prayer. Commonly, Surah Al-Ikhlas, Surah Al-Falaq, and Surah An-Nas are recited.

6. Ruku

  • Bow down by bending at the waist, keeping your back straight, and placing your hands on your knees. While in this position, glorify Allah by saying “Subhana Rabbiyal Azeem”.

7. Sujud

  • Go down to the ground with your forehead, nose, palms, knees, and toes touching the floor. While in prostration, say “Subhana Rabbiyal A’la”.

8. Qa’dah

  • Sit on your knees with your back straight and place your hands on your thighs. In this position, you can recite the Tashahhud, a declaration of faith, and send blessings upon the Prophet Muhammad.

9. Tasleem

  • To conclude the prayer, turn your head to the right and say “As-salamu ‘alaykum wa rahmatullah”. This is done to both the right and left sides, marking the end of the prayer.

10. Additional Units

  • The number of units varies for each of the five daily prayers. For Fajr, there are two Rak’ahs, for Dhuhr, Asr, and Isha, there are four each, and for Maghrib, there are three.


It’s essential to note that this is a general guide, and there may be slight variations in the way people pray. It is advisable to learn from a knowledgeable person, such as an imam or an experienced Muslim, if you are new to Salah. Additionally, practice and repetition will help you become more comfortable with the prayer ritual over time.

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